Environmental Impact Assessment is a topic in Introduction to Sustainable Engineering (KTU)
What is EIA?
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process which ensures that all environmental matters are taken into account quite early in the project at planning process itself. It takes into consideration not only technical and economic considerations but also, traditional aspects like impact on local people, biodiversity etc.
Why EIA?EIA is intended to prevent or minimize potentially adverse environmental impacts and enhance the overall quality of a project. The main benefits and advantages of EIA are:
The EIA Directive requires projects likely to have significant effects on the Environment by virtue of their nature, size or location to undergo an environmental assessment before the competent authority in question grants consent.
The EIA Directive defines a project as the execution of construction works or of other installations or schemes, other interventions in the natural surroundings and landscape including those involving the extraction of mineral resources
Underlying basis, spirit and preamble Protect environment and control pollution Environment Protection Act 1986 (May 1986) Environment Protection Rules 1986 (Nov 1986) Section 5 Environment Protection Rules 1986: Prohibitions and restrictions on the location of industries; carrying on of processes and operations in different areas EIA 1994 On 27th January 1994, Union Ministry of Environment & Forests, GOI under Environment (Protection) Act 1986,Discharge internationally agreed obligations under Rio Declaration EIA 2006 is supersession of EIA 1994, except in respect of things done or omitted to be done before such supersession.Protect environment and control pollution Environment Protection Act 1986 (May 1986) Environment Protection Rules 1986 (Nov 1986) Section 5 Environment Protection Rules 1986: Prohibitions and restrictions on the location of industries; carrying on of processes and operations in different areas Till 1994, Environmental Clearance from Central Government was an administrative decision which lacked legislative support. Environment Impact Assessment
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