BE-102 Design and Engineering:Second Module - "Design Process"

BE-102 Design and Engineering : Second Module 

     This module consists of "Design process"



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KTU Students: BE-102 Design and Engineering:Second Module - "Design Process"
BE-102 Design and Engineering:Second Module - "Design Process"
BE-102 Design and Engineering:Second Module Design process: Stages of Engineering Design 1. Design & Engineering BE-102 Naseel Ibnu Azeez.M.P Asst. Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, MEA-Engineering College, Perinthalmanna. Email: naseel@live.com 2. Design Space The set of all possible designs is an n-dimensional hyperspace called a design space Where, n= The number of different engineering characteristics it takes to fully describe the design 3. • Each state is a different conceptual design. The space has a boundary that encloses only the feasible designs, many of which are unknown to the designer • The space is more than three dimensions because there are so many characteristics that can categorize a design (e.g., cost, performance, weight, size, etc.) feasible designs created in response to the articulation of a design task is pictured as a problem space or a design space that consists of states as shown in Fig. 4. Design Space Analogy A stationary solar system is a useful analogy for a design space 5. A stationary solar system is a useful analogy for a design space.  Each planet or star in the system is different from the others.  Each known body in the space is a potential solution to the design task.  There are also a number of undiscovered planets and stars.  These represent designs that no one has articulated.  The vastness of outer space is also a good analogy for a design space. There are many, many, many, different solutions for any design problem. The number of potential solutions can be as high as the order of n where n is equal to the number of different engineering characteristics it takes to fully describe the design. 6. Design Process 7. Designs did not miraculously appear but originated in the minds of human beings and took time to develop. Engineering is the creative process of turning abstract ideas into physical representations (products or systems). ‘There are scientific methods that everyone can adopt to develop optimised DESIGNS’ 8. Design Process 1. Define the Problem 2. Generate Concepts 3. Develop a Solution 4. Construct and Test a Prototype 5. Evaluate the Solution 6. Present the Solution 9. • Identify a problem • Validate the problem – Who says it is a problem? – Needs and wants – Prior solutions • Justify the problem – Is the problem worth solving? • Create design requirements (specifications) – Criteria and constraints • Design Brief Define the Problem 10. Define the Problem • Design Brief – A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. – Used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution. 11. • Identify a problem • Validate the problem – Who says it is a problem? – Needs and wants – Prior solutions • Justify the problem – Is the problem worth solving? • Create design requirements (specifications) – Criteria and constraints • Design Brief Define the Problem In some cases, if the problem is not valid or justifiable, the designer must define a new problem. 12. • Research • Brainstorm possible solutions • Consider additional design goals • Apply STEM principles • Select an approach • Decision Matrix Generate Concepts 13. • Decision Matrix − A tool used to compare design solutions against one another, using specific criteria. Generate Concepts 14. • Research • Brainstorm possible solutions • Consider additional design goals • Apply STEM principles • Select an approach • Decision Matrix Generate Concepts If the technology necessary to develop the solution does not exist, scientific research may be necessary to pursue a solution. 15. Develop a Solution • Create detailed design solution • Justify the solution path • Technical Drawings 16. Develop a Solution • Technical Drawings – Drawings that provide technical information necessary to produce a product. • material, size, shape • assembly, if necessary 17. Develop a Solution • Select an approach – Decision Matrix • Create detailed design solution – Technical Drawings • Justify the solution path If a solution is found to be invalid or cannot be justified, the designer must return to a previous step in the design process. 18. • Construct a testable prototype • Plan prototype testing – Performance – Usability – Durability • Test prototype – collect test data – analyze test data • Test Report Construct and Test a Prototype 19. Prototyping: The first stage of testing and implementation of a new product, called prototyping, consists of building a prototype of the product-the first fully operational production of the complete design solution. A prototype is not fully tested and may not work or operate as intended. The purpose of the prototype is to test the design solution under real conditions. 20. Aircraft wind tunnel test 21. • Construct a testable prototype • Plan prototype testing – Performance – Usability – Durability • Test prototype – collect test data – analyze test data • Test Report If a testable prototype cannot be built or test data analysis indicates a flawed design, the designer must return to a previous step of the design process. Construct and Test a Prototype 22. Evaluate the Solution • Evaluate solution effectiveness • Reflect on design – Recommend improvements • Optimize/Redesign the solution – [Return to prior design process steps, if necessary] – Revise design documents • Project Recommendations 23. Evaluate the Solution • Evaluate solution effectiveness • Reflect on design – Recommend improvements • Optimize/Redesign the solution – [Return to prior design process steps, if necessary] – Revise design documents • Project Recommendations 24. Evaluate the Solution Does the solution solve the problem? If not, the designer must return to a previous step of the design process. 25. • Document the project – Project Portfolio • Communicate the project – Formal Presentation Present the Solution 26. Design Process • Iterative 27. Product improvement or redesign will require the designer to repeat the design process. A Design Process Product Innovation 28. 1. Define a Problem 2. Brainstorm Possible Solutions 3. Generate ideas 4. Research Ideas & Explore Possibilities 5. Specify Criteria & Identify Constraints 6. Consider Alternative Solutions 7. Select an Approach 8. Develop Written Design Proposal 9. Prototype 12. Communicate Results 10. Test & Evaluate 11. Refine/Create Detailed Design Process 29. Product Development Process 30. Reference • George E Dieter, Linda C. Schmidt- Engineering Design • Dym, C. L., Little, P. and Orwin, E. J., Engineering Design - A Project based introduction-Wiley • Haik, Y. And Shahin, M. T., Engineering Design Process, Cengage Learning • Balmer, R. T., Keat, W. D., Wise, G., and Kosky, P., Exploring Engineering, Third Edition: An Introduction to Engineering and Design • V.B Bhandari- Design of Machine Elements • Donald A Norman- Living With Complexity • Jorma Tuomaala- Creative Engineering Design • Don Norman- Design of everyday things
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