HS 210-LIFE SKILLS
MODULE-4 Full Note
Morals, Values and Ethics, Integrity, Work Ethic, Service Learning, Civic Virtue, Respect for Others, Living Peacefully.Caring, Sharing, Honesty, Courage, Valuing Time,Cooperation, Commitment, Empathy, Self-Confidence,Character Spirituality, Senses of 'Engineering Ethics’, variety of moral issued, Types of inquiry, moral dilemmas, moral autonomy,Kohlberg's theory, Gilligan's theory,Consensus and controversy, Models of Professional Roles, Theories about right action, Self interest, customs and religion, application of ethical theories.Engineering as experimentation,engineers as responsible experimenters, Codes of ethics, Balanced outlook on.The challenger case study, Multinational corporations,Environmental ethics, computer ethics,Weapons development, engineers as managers, consulting engineers, engineers as expert witnesses and advisors, moral leadership, sample code of Ethics like ASME, ASCE, IEEE,Institution of Engineers(India), Indian Institute of Materials Management, Institution of electronics and telecommunication engineers(IETE), India, etc.
Morals/ morality is concerned with the principles of right and wrong in human behaviour,
mostly based on one’s conscience. A thought, word or action is considered to be morally good if
it agrees with the general perception of what is right and what is wrong. Most of the moral
principles are teachings of wise men, religious leaders, etc.
Morals of a particular society may be different from another society. There will be differences
according to time, place, religion, ideologies, etc. However, morals always stand for goodness
and it promotes acceptable behaviour of individuals.
Values are principles that reflect one’s judgements of what is important in life. They help us
promoting our well being. Values are more concerned with what is morally right. Personal
values may be different from individuals to individuals. Some values may have priority over
others depending up on the need level.
The word ethics is derived from the Greek word “ethos”. Ethics is the set of codes of conduct or
moral principles with which behaviour can be analysed as good or bad or right or wrong. It
teaches the well disciplined behaviour and how to act according to the situations. Ethics is
based on logic and reason. Often morals and values contribute to ethics. Therefore we can
state that morals + values = ethics.
Integrity is a character trait that reflects a person’s degree of honesty, adherence to moral
principles and a complete harmony of one’s thought speech and action. A person of integrity
will be guided by morality and has consistency in character. He/ she will do what is right every
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